waec 2018 literature in English prose questions*
_Answer one question only from this section_
*Amma Darko: Faceless*
(1) – Explain kabira’s presense in the hairdressing saloon at agbogbloshie.
(2) – Comment on the significance of Sodom and Gomorrah IN the novel.
*Bayo Adebowale:* _Lonely days_
(3) – “No woman’s life is ever complete without a man”. How is this applicable to Yaremi IN the novel?
(4) – Examine the author’s narrative technique in the novel.
Answer one question each from this section.
*Richard Wright: Native son*
(5) – Discuss the role of the black clergy IN the novel.
(6) – What have you learned about black life from the conversation between Bigger and Gus at the entrance to the pool room.
*Horace Walpole: The castle of otranto*
(7) – Comment on the significance of Conrad’s death in the novel.
(8) – Examine the relationship between Manfred and Hippolita
Lit – Ans
When Kabria and Fofo cross paths, the young girl’s back story is gradually revealed. Like her older sister Baby T., she is cast out to fend for herself by her feckless mother Maa Tsuro, and like Baby T. she becomes a prostitute. Baby T. was found brutally murdered in the marketplace in another Accra slum called Agbogbloshie, and would have become just another forgotten casualty of slum life were it not for Kabria and her friend Dina at MUTE. They enlist the help of Sylv from a community radio station, and together they confront the shocking truth about Baby T.’s short life.
No women life is ever completed in the sense that the the widowhood and loneliness of Yaremi felt so much pain dew to the following reasons.
i) Widowhood or The
plight of widows
i)Widowhood or The
plight of widows:
The theme of widowhood
is the novel’s central theme. The
widows in Lonely Days
were subjected to pain
and humiliation. The
of Yaremi, Dedewe, Fayoyin and Radeke are a
miscrosm of the plight of
widows in the larger
Nigerian society and in the
African continent as a
whole. The author condemns widow
remarriage and other
cultural practices that
subject widows to pain
important theme that
runs through the novel is
the theme of loneliness.
Yaremi was very lonely
and had to do most things by
herself. For instance, she had to appeal
to Uncle Deyo, Ajumobi’s
friend to assist in mending
her leaking roof and
rebuilding the walls of her
iii) Humiliation: Yaremi
suffered humiliation from
extended relations who
accused her of killing her
husband. Dedewe, Fayoyin
and Radeke also suffered humiliation. For instance,
Dedewe was made to sit in
a dark room by her
husband’s corpse while
Fayoyin’s hair was badly
shaved. Hardwork or Diligence: The theme of
diligence is expressed by
character. The author uses
several anecdotes to
We all know how painful it is to part with something of huge value. Waking up one calm morning to realise that one’s lovely kitten or cat is dead; leaves the heart with some particles of sorrow not to mention the death of a loved one.
The sorrow and loneliness that come with bereavement is found paramount in the novel “Lonely Days” by Bayo Adebowale. A novel that discussed widowhood and it associated plights within African society (Nigeria as a case study). Yaremi among other widows suffered humiliation, intimidation and loneliness after the lost of her husband, Ajumobi.
With the help of a well chosen narrative styles; Bayo Adebowale drove his message into the heart of the readers. The author embraced such elements as climactic plot, dialect, omniscient narration, flashback, songs and poetry.
1. Climactic Plot: The events in Lonely Days flowed from beginning to end. It started with Yaremi lost her husband (Ajumobi) the widows’ humiliation followed then came the attempt of forceful second marriage to the final treat of the village elders to chase Yaremi out of Kufi village for violating the village’s traditional widowhood injunction.
2. Dialect: The Yoruba dialect is found at many unexpected lines of the novel’s narration. Few examples are iloro, amala, kijipa, arere, owurubutu, Sokoti, hua-hua-hua, ipele, labankada, Ayan-Agalu, etc. The purpose is to support the main setting of the novel which is Kufi (a symbolism for African cultural society).
3. Omniscient Narration: Bayo Adebowale placed narration of Lonely Days in the mouth of an unknown entity, such entity saw the in and out of all events_ both physical and those happening in the minds of characters. The narrator saw when the shooting stars fell of the sky and also saw Woye making decorations off the village junks.
4. Flashback: This is a technique of bringing past events into the present. It mostly adds beauty and information to any story. Deyo told Alani how Ajumobi and himself used to hoot at each other in their various farms; in preparedness to go home. Woye also got to know about Yaremi’s childhood experience through the writer’s use of flashback.
5. Songs and Poetry: These other genres of literature are employed into the plot of Lonely Days. There are many instances of song in the novel. At a point, Radeke sang a traditional widow’s song:
“If heaven was like going to the market in the morning
And returning home in the evening
I would have followed my husband
And run errands for him…”
( 2 )
Faceless begins in a slum cynically christened Sodom and Gomorrah with 14- year- old Fofo narrowly escaping rape by Poison, a Street Lord and local thug . She flees to her friend Odarley where we learn that Poison controls even the shared toilets and that Fofo is constipated because all she’s had to eat is bread . The scene then shifts abruptly to the middle -class life of Kabria , a good – hearted researcher for MUTE, an NGO which is a repository for alternate stories not found in books . Kabria is harassed by her demanding children and a bone- idle husband who expects his wife to wait on him even though she is in full time work as well . When Kabria and Fofo cross paths, the young girl’s back story is gradually revealed . Like her older sister Baby T. , she is cast out to fend for herself by her feckless mother Maa Tsuro, and like Baby T. she becomes a prostitute. Baby T. was found brutally murdered in the marketplace in another Accra slum called Agbogbloshie, and would have become just another forgotten casualty of slum life were it not for Kabria and her friend Dina at MUTE.
( 8 )
Manfred , Prince of Otranto – an arrogant, unprincipled man who lives in the shadow of a curse
Hippolita , the wife of Manfred – a noble , virtuous and religious woman who loves her husband , although he does not deserve her love
Manfred becomes obsessed with finding and marrying Isabella . But, first , he must divorce Hippolita . She is a devout woman who will do as a priest asks her , so Manfred wants the priest , Jerome, to convince her to accept the divorce . Since Isabella has asked for shelter in the church until her father arrives , Jerome is well – aware of Manfred ’s ill intent toward her . There is some confusion here – some believe the father is dead , but she believes he is alive . Conrad – the son of Manfred and Hippolita , who dies at age 15 Matilda – the beautiful , sweet daughter of Manfred and Hippolita , who is 18
waec 2018 literature in English prose questions*