2018/2019 WAEC EXPO RUNZ: GEOGRAPHY QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS




Spread the news

OBJ

1BCDACABBCD
11BABCDCABAC
21DADACCCCCB
31ADACBBDDCA
41CADDADBDDD

1a)-Manufacturing industries creates employment thereby reduces the rate of employment
– Manufacturing industries helps underdeveloped countries to enjoy a favorable balance of trade with their trading partners: As a country exports manufactured goods, it earns foreign exchange
– Manufacturing industries helps developing countries to diversify their economy : Most of these countries rely heavily on agriculture Alone. Some rely on main mineral Alone for example Nigeria relies very heavily on oil

________________________

4b) ADVANTAGE OF SUBSISTENCE FARMING

4b)

It is cheaper
One of the advantages of subsistence farming is that it is cost effective. The reason is that it does not require the huge investments as would otherwise have been needed by a commercial farmer. The implements that are used are easy to acquire and mostly not expensive.
No hiring of labour
Another advantage of subsistence method of farming is that it does not require the hiring of labour. The main source of labour is the children and the immediate family members of the farmer. The effect is that money is not expended on labour. This being so, the money for hiring labour is diverted to take care of other pressing matters of the family.
A ready source of employment
To become subsistence farmer does not require any specialized skills or any high level of education. All that is needed is the ability to handle the hoe and cutlass and to plant according the traditional timing of the locality. For these reasons, it is easy for folks to enter into subsistence farming.
Source of food supply to the family
One of the main advantages of subsistence farming is that it provides ready food for the family. In most rural families for example, the main source food is the individual farms of the folks. At the basic staples are available for use. Such basic supplies as maize, cassava, plantain, cocoyam etc.
A checks rural-urban movement
There are people who have lived in the villages and have depended on subsistence farming for ages. Such people do not see why they must move to the cities and live in deplorable conditions because they cannot afford adequate accommodation. They prefer to stay back in the villages and make do with the little they can get from the land. Such a decision helps them to remain in the village thereby checking rural-urban drift.
Saves foreign exchange
The farming implements that are needed for subsistence farming can be acquired on the local market since they are locally produced. There are local blacksmiths who can manufacture such simple implements. There is therefore no need for government to use scarce foreign resources to import them. Such monies are therefore expended on more pressing national needs.
_____________________

5b..
i. It leads to economy development
Ii.it brings about imployment or job opportunities
Iii. It develops the nation

1a)-Manufacturing industries creates employment thereby reduces the rate of employment
– Manufacturing industries helps underdeveloped countries to enjoy a favorable balance of trade with their trading partners: As a country exports manufactured goods, it earns foreign exchange
– Manufacturing industries helps developing countries to diversify their economy : Most of these countries rely heavily on agriculture Alone. Some rely on main mineral Alone for example Nigeria relies very heavily on oil

1b)
– Making relevant products: manufacturing industries in-tropical Africa create an environment where the products created for it populace are made with a proper understanding of their needs. 
– Job creation: With vast youth unemployment in the tropical Africa , manufacturing is one of the only sectors next to agriculture that can create a significant amount of jobs for the currently unemployed in these areas.
– Participation in the global economy:
Unlike other countries that have strong manufacturing
sectors, tropical Africa countries is limited in its participation in the global economy.

1c)
– inadequate capital;
– poor management;
– shortage of raw materials;
– poor infrastructure

(4a)
(i) Land use: Traditional farms are very small usually only 1 to 3 hectares. The goods produced on these small farming units is used mainly for consumption of the family. The consumption survival considerations dominate the commercial ones.
(ii) Labour: Labour used per hectare tends to be high in traditional farming. Mostly the family labour works on the subsistence farms.
(iii) Productivity and efficiency: The subsistence farming or traditional farms are characterized by low of inputs which are mostly provided by the farmer himself . For example seeds, cow dung manure etc are not purchased by the farmers. Yields per hectare, production per person and overall productivity tend to be low.
(iv) Income and level of living: The income and level of living of the subsistence farmers is mostly below poverty line.

(4b)
(i) Provision of basic needs of the family like food and clothing
(ii) It does not require too much plots of land to cultivate.
(iii) Low capital is required to carry out subsistence farming.
(iv) It does not require the hiring of labour.

(4c)
(i) No surplus for sale to earn income. All produce are consumed by the family.
(ii) Family labour supply is unreliable because they are not paid for job done.
(iii) Fragmentation or small farmland is available because lands are owned communally and usually shared among family members regardless of whether they are interested in farming or not

1a)
1. concentrated in towns
2. mainly import substituting;
3. depend on imported machinery/technology;

1b)
1. Making relevant products: manufacturing industries in tropical Africa create an environment where the products created for it populace are made with a proper understanding of their needs. 

2. Job creation: With vast youth unemployment in the tropical Africa , manufacturing is one of the only sectors next to agriculture that can create a significant amount of jobs for the currently unemployed in these areas.

3. Participation in the global economy:
Unlike other countries that have strong manufacturing
sectors, tropical Africa countries is limited in its participation in the global economy.

1c)
1. inadequate capital;
2. poor management;
3. shortage of raw materials;
4.poor infrastructure

2C. Effects of growing population

-pressure on social amenities

-Overcrowding

– Low economic growth due to over dependence

3a)

1. The North Atlantic Route

2. The Pama Canal Route

3. The South African or Cape route

4. The South Atlantic Route

4)

Characteristics of subsistence agriculture

1. It is mostly practiced by peasant farmers.

2. It involves a small area of land.

3. It involves the use of local tools eg hoe, cutlass etc.

4. There is no specialization.

5. It employs unskilled labour.

6. The harvest returns are small.

7. It usually involves the use of family labour.

8. It involves mainly the production of food crops alone.

9. It provides for the basic needs of the family.

10. There is little or no surplus for sale.

11. Mixed system of farming is usually practised.

4b) ADVANTAGES OF SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE

1. Provision of basic needs of the family like food and clothing

2. Small plot of land can be used to cultivate such as the backyard garden.

3. Little or low capital is required to carry out subsistence farming.

4c) DISADVANTAGES OR PROBLEMS OF SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE

1. Family labour supply is unreliable because they are not paid for job done.

2. Crude tools are used such as cutlass, hoe and rake.

3. Fragmentation or small farmland is available because lands are owned communally and usually shared among family members regardless of whether they are interested in farming or not.

4. No surplus for sale to earn income. All produce are consumed by the family.

5. Pest and diseases are not controlled.

5b)
i)It leads to economy development
Ii)it brings about imployment or job opportunities
Iii)It develops the nation

(5a)
DRAW THE MAP & LOCATE[www.tinyurl.com/cbkgeomap1]

(5b)
(i)It leads to provision of social ammenities
(ii)It leads to inventions and innovations due to competition among industries
(iii)It leads to development of oganised market eg cooperative societies
(iv)It leads to attraction of subsidiary industries

(5c)
(i)The turn over of large scale manufacturing industries is heavy
(ii)Large scale manufacturing industries employ more people
(iii)Large scale manufacturing industries render social services more than small scale manufacturing industries

6a) DRAW THE MAP

6b) Coal is mined by the adit method whereby tunnels are driven in to the hillsides to reach the coal layers which are called seams.
Coal deposits are also known to exist in the middle bely especially Benue State

6c)- Loss of farmland; Mining has led to the destruction of farmlands especially among the oil-producing communities of the Niger Delta.

-Depletion of reserves; Mineral is a kind of nonrenewable resources. Several of them are already being depleted after a long period of exploitation

– Over dependence; The country depends too much on minerals, especially oil. Other sectors are being neglected as a result. If anything bad happens to the oil,Nigeria will face a big problem

-Mining hazards; Mining has its own risks e.g drilling oil in the swampy mosquito infested delta region and right at sea in offshore locations

==completed====


Spread the news




Be the first to comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.


*